What is a plant protection product (PPP) ?
This term refers specifically to the uses of plant pesticides (agricultural and non-agricultural use, such as in gardens or green areas of the municipalities). There are mainly three categories : herbicides (against weeds), fungicides (to fight against fungi) and insecticides (to control insects). Other products have an action on the rodents (rodonticides), on snails and slugs (molluscicides). According to the definition given by article L. 253-1 of the rural code, they also include products containing GMOS that destroy the undesirable species.
What is a WMA ?
The Authorisation of the Placing on the Market (AMM) is the agreement given to a holder of the rights to operate a specialty commercial plant industrially produced so that it can commercialize. All plant protection product must be distributed under a No-LABEL, it must appear on the label of the product.
All marketing authorisations granted in France are listed on the site http://e-phy.agriculture.gouv.fr/
What is a MSDS ?
These sheets are an important element of health and safety for the users of the products and for those who treat their remains, residues, or waste soaked with these products toxic and/or hazardous , but also for caregivers, by informing staff ofthe emergency (including poison centres) on the risks associated with these products and the ways to reduce them.
These sheets are widely used for cataloging information on chemicals. They should be able to find anywhere where a substance is used. In Europe, in particular, they must be distributed by the manufacturer or distributor of the product to the customer and in the language of the latter.
What are the risks associated with the use of PPP ?
On the man :
The plant protection products are known to scientists since the 60s for their nuisances on human health. Their exposure increases the risk of neurodegenerative diseases, hematologic and reproductive disorders and several types of cancers (gliomas, sarcomas, prostate cancers, etc). These risks are outlined by risk phrases used on the labels of the products concerned :
On the environment :
The risks to the environment are diverse, they are set by risk phrases which shall be affixed on the labels of the products concerned :
To reduce the risk, it is appropriate to limit the application of these products (other solutions say "organic" may exist, see section " Control Alternative ") and to protect themselves appropriately (see " PPE : personal Protective Equipment ").
Are there PPP more or less harmful ?
PPPS are classified by level of dangerousness, the pictograms used on the labels of products that give you an indication of the type of danger associated with its use (see sheet on " Good Practices Phyto ").
The reference environment agency japan (Permitted use in the Garden) guarantees a level of less harmful nature.
The mention UAB (Usable in Organic Farming) guarantees that the active substance used in the product does not present an unacceptable risk to human or animal health or to the environment when the product is used under normal conditions related to its authorization on the market (AMM).
What types of PPP can I use for my garden ?
According to the decree of 6 October 2004 concerning the conditions of authorization and the use of the term " permitted use in the gardens " for plant protection products as amended by the decree of 26 July 2005, the specialties with the words " Employment Authorized in the Gardens (EAJ ) " are the only products that can be sold to non-professional (amateur gardeners) and used by them because they have guarantees of less harmful nature.
What are the Maximum Residue Limits (MRLS) and Pre-Harvest intervals (phi's) ?
MRLS are the maximum concentrations of regulatory active substances, which must not be exceeded in foodstuffs. They are set during the toxicological studies for the obtaining of the marketing authorisation.
Comply with the requirements of use of a product defined by the WMA, particularly in relation to the Pre-Harvest interval (PHI), does not exceed the MRL of this product.
The DAR is the time required for the degradation of the plant protection product after treatment that must be met before harvesting. If no DAR is not indicated on the label of the DAR is then 3 days.
Follow the instructions on the label.. !
COMPANY APPROVED BY THE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE FOR THE SALE OF PRODUCTS and PHYTO-PHARMACEUTICALS TO NON-PROFESSIONAL USERS
Registration number : IF01878