Introduction to hydroponics

You want to start your first hydroponics but you don't know where to begin ? You are looking for a new cultivation method that would allow you to have a more in-depth vetting on your plants ? This page aims to give you the basics ofhydroponics and techniques to use to grow your plants, vegetables and plants.

What is the hydroponics ?

To put it simply, hydroponics is defined as the cultivation of plants land done with the help of nutrients, without the support of the floor (different to the aquaponics – production off the ground - which is to raise aquatic species such as fish that play the role of nutrients for plants). We prefer the use of a substrate neutral or inert (without added nutrient ) so as to be able to best maximize the contribution to your plants in water, nutrients and especially oxygen. In the eyes of many, the hydroponics is size sometimes, a bad reputation, likes to speak of artificial cultivation which produces tomatoes without taste or good rose without scent. This bad reputation comes primarily from the commercial use of this process, supporting the financial performance to the detriment of the quality of the product. But fortunately, the hydroponics has much more to offer than it seems and offers many advantages. You could even go as far as to speak of a revolution in gardening ! In fact, the hydroponics offers a control on a key element of the plant that is not accessible in the soil : the root system. It then becomes very easy for a grower to significantly increase its production, without forgetting taste and flavour or even to optimize them to the extent that the latter are aware of the intricacies of this method, cultures from the inside.

What is a hydroponic system open or closed ?

A hydroponic system open is the solution most used by commercial producers. The plants are grown on rolls of rock wool and watered regularly by the nutrient solution (of which the temperature should stay below 22°C) without being recovered. This technique has the advantage of being inexpensive in terms of installation but it generates a lot of waste in fertilizers such as water. The alternative lies in what is called the closed hydroponic system that is to circulate the nutrient solution from the tank to the plant before returning to the tank. In this way, all the water is absorbed by the plant, greatly reducing the waste, not to speak of the benefits environmentally friendly reduces.

What is the difference between the hydroponics active and passive ?

The hydroponics passive is characterized by a lack of water pumping or air. The plant is placed in an inert substratum above a reservoir of nutrient solution. The latter is brought to the plant by capillary action. This technique has the big disadvantage of letting the water stagnate in the tank, which leads to the development of micro-organisms that can be dangerous to your plants. This is why we recommend the use of a hydroponic system active , which is to circulate the water continuously between the plant and the storage tank using a pump, air or water. The nutrient solution is then charged oxygen which promotes the assimilation of nutrients by the roots. It is the most effective form of hydroponics.

Attention, however, to ensure the good condition of your equipment and power outages that may prove to be fatal for your indoor cultivation.

How to choose your hydroponic system ?

Now that you are an expert on the different methods of hydroponics, all that remains is to get started ! But not so fast, now you have to choose the system of culture that fits you the most. There are for all preferences and all budgets, we do not discuss, however, that the system says active.

The table to tide

It is the system that is the most simple, popular and effective. The irrigation is done by alternately filling and draining. The plants are placed in cubes of rock wool, themselves placed on a plate culture containing from 2 to 5 cm of nutrient solution, the latter is evacuated towards the tank during a pump floods the tray. Purpose of this is to create a call for air in the cubes of rock wool that brings oxygen in the roots, thus encouraging the proper development / growth of the plant. Among the representatives of this culture method, we recommend the Ebb & Flow of Platinium Hydroponics , or the Ebb & Flood of Nutriculture.

>>> Discover theEbb and Flow of Platinium Hydroponics

>>> Discover theEbb and Flood of Nutriculture

NFT systems

The seedlings and the cuttings are placed on a water absorbent resting at the bottom of a tray covered. The nutrient solution flows along the plateau, bathing the passage of the roots before drain in the tank. This brings a large amount of oxygen to the roots that remain constantly irrigated. The range of multi-duct from Nutriculture is a good representative. But you can also choose to create your own system with many tanks, tables of recoveries and films NFT available in our catalog.

>>> Discover our catalogue of spare parts of culture system

The drip on balls of clay

Perfect for farmers, enthusiasts, this method is very simple to use. The plant grows in a pot filled with clay pellets that is irrigated with the drip. Once drained by the support, the solution falls back into the tank, and so on. We offer you this kind of culture system for individual plants with the Pousspouss Hydro in CIS or even the Waterfarm in GHE, perfect for plants mother. But there are also systems comprising multiple pots for a single tank, this is the case, for example, the Wilma of nutriculture , or the range IWS.

>>> Discover the range Wilma of Nutriculture

the aeroponie

Here, there is no need of substrate minerals (such as coconut fibre or other), the roots are suspended and sprayed regularly by the nutrient solution. This is the method with a maximum absorption for your plants and vegetables. Be careful, however, to be very rigorous on the pH and the EC of your nutrient, as there will be no substrate to make a buffer in case of imbalance. Among the available systems, the Aerotop by Platinium Hydroponics and the Aeroflo in GHE you will enjoy a maximum return. The system AeroGarden will be a very good start to identify the issues of cultures aéroponiques.

For more info on the aeroponics, visit the page " culture aeroponics "

>>> Discover theAeroflo from GHE

>>> Discover theAerotop by Platinium Hydroponics

We also recommend the use of a unit such as those offered by the brand GrowMax Water.

>>> Discover the products ofosmoseurs and filters

Now that you have the basics, it only remains for you to launch yourself to work ! For more information, we recommend the beginner's guide introduction to hydroponics or the very full The hydroponics for all that will make you the master of the hydroponics !